How often to water Monstera?
Monstera is one of the most popular tropical house plants. Its beautiful leaves give you the feeling of living in a tropical paradise. However, if you have bought this plant recently, you may be confused about how often to water Monstera?
It’s best to water your Monstera plant once every one to two weeks. You should water Monstera moderately, only when the upper layer of the soil is dry. If the soil is wet, Monstera takes longer to absorb the water. Overwatering can also cause root rot.
How often to water Monstera also depends on the season, humidity and the pot it is planted in.
How much water does Monstera need?
Before you begin watering your Monstera plant, check the soil in the pot. If the top layer of the soil appears dry and the mud is not sticking to your fingers, it is time to water the plant.
Pour water into the plant till the water starts running out of the bottom of the pot. Pour water all around the pot’s surface to evenly distribute the moisture. When the water starts coming out of the drainage holes, the water has reached all the plant’s roots.
Monsteras are tropical plants that need a lot of water to grow lush leaves. The soil should remain moist but not soaking wet.
There are four simple ways to check if the soil is wet or dry.
1. Use our fingers
Put a finger into the soil up to 2.5 cm deep. If the tip of your finger is dry, it is time to water the plant. If it is wet, you can wait for more time to water the plant.
2. Use a stick
Put a stick into the soil instead of your finger. If the stick comes out dry and there is no soil stuck, it is time to water the plant. If you find some dirt stuck to the stick, you can wait to water your Monstera.
3. Use a moisture meter
Use can use a moisture meter to check if the soil is wet or dry. When the meter reads two, it is time to water the plant.
4. Check the pot
If you have planted Monstera in a terracotta planter, you can touch the bottom of the pot to check if the soil is moist. If the bottom half of the terracotta pot is a shade darker, then the soil is moist.
How often you need to water Monstera also depends on the season.
How often to water Monstera in summer?
Monstera plants are more active during the summer season. The higher temperature and humidity during the summer season are similar to its natural tropical environment. So in summers, the Monstera plant needs more water than during winters.
We already know that Monstera should be watered only when the top layer dries out. And since the soil dries out faster during summers, it needs to be watered more frequently.
You should water your Monstera plant once a week during summers or when the top layer of the soil feels dry.
They are sturdy plants and are forgiving even when you forget to water them occasionally. They can even tolerate overwatering to a specific limit.
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How often to water Monstera in winter?
During the winter season, the Monstera plant enters a state of dormancy. Monstera is a tropical plant, and when the temperature and humidity levels go down during winters, these plants enter a dormant state to conserve energy.
You should water your Monstera once every two or three weeks or once you notice the soil has dried out. Even if you water it once a month, it will not be a problem.
The plant does not absorb too much water during the winter season, so there is a risk that the soil may become too wet. If the soil remains too wet for a long time, it can lead to root rot.
So always check the soil to see if it has dried out and water it accordingly.
Clean the Monstera leaves with a damp cloth to maintain moisture levels and avoid pests. This will keep your plant healthy during the winter season.
What are the other factors that impact Monstera watering schedule?
Several factors impact the monstera watering schedule besides the change in seasons. These include –
1. Type of pot
It is essential to consider the type of pot you have planted Monstera in when you water it.
Terracotta, cement, or wood pots – Pots made up of terracotta, cement, or wood absorb moisture away from the soil and allow air circulation in the soil. These are ideal if you tend to overwater your plants.
Ceramic, glass, or metal – Planters with glazed surfaces like ceramic, glass, or metal pots tend to keep moisture inside. If you are growing your Monstera in one of these, avoid watering too frequently.
Plastic pots – If you tend to forget to water your plants, these planters are for you.
2. Size of planter
Bigger planters need more soil and hold on to more water. They require less frequent watering.
Smaller pots need less soil and thus more frequent watering.
Ideally, it would be best to plant Monstera in medium-sized pots that give them plenty of growing space. Monstera pots have shallow roots, and they cannot reach the water in all areas of a bigger pot. A shallow pot is a good option for these plants.
3. Type of soil
Light well-draining soil – Monstera thrives in slightly dry soil, so a well-draining soil should be the ideal choice for this plant. If you have this kind of soil, it will dry quickly, and you will need to water your plant frequently.
Heavy mix soil – If you have heavy mix soil in your planter, you will need to reduce watering frequency. But this is not good soil for this plant as it increases the chances of root rot.
The ideal soil mix for your plant is 60% moss peat, 20% perlite, and 20% compost.
When the temperature increases, the Monstera plant transpires more, increasing the watering needs. If the temperature is more than 65 degrees Fahrenheit, you will need to water the plant more.
Less watering is required if the temperature is below 65 degrees Fahrenheit as the soil will take longer to dry out.
The ideal temperature for the healthy growth of the monstera plant is between 65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant growth will suffer if the temperature goes below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Being a tropical plant, Monstera loves humidity. If the humidity level in the air is high, your plant will need less water.
If the humidity level is less, you must water your Monstera more often. Follow the watering schedule with misting, and it will help maintain the humid atmosphere.
The growth rate of Monstera is directly related to the amount of light it is receiving. This also increases the need for more frequent watering. When you place the plant in sunlight, its soil will dry out quickly, and you will have to increase watering frequency.
When you place your plant in low light conditions, you need to increase watering frequency.
Ideally, Monstera plants should be kept in indirect sunlight. Placing them in the scorching sun will burn its leaves.
7. Growth period
The growth period for Monsteras is spring, summer, and fall months. They are dormant during the winter months. They need more watering during the growing months and less during the dormant period.
When you replant your Monstera, it is trying to establish new healthy roots in the new soil. Your plant will require more water during this period.
What are the signs that your Monstera needs water?
Sometimes you can catch the watering issues of your plant if you observe the signs that your plant provides. All the symptoms mentioned below start slowly, and you can correct your watering mistakes if you observe the signs early.
1. Drooping leaves
If you observe that the leaves of your Monstera are drooping, check the soil. If the soil is too dry, it is a sign that you are underwatering it. Water your plant more frequently.
2. Crispy or wrinkled leaves
This is a common sign of underwatering in plants. If you find that the leaves are turning crispy and wrinkled, it is time to water your Monstera.
3. Slight gap between the soil in the pot
When you try to speed up the growth of Monstera by providing it with a lot of light, the soil dries out quickly and starts to pull away from the edge of the pot.
4. Yellowing leaves with dried brown spots
Yellowing Monstera leaves is a sign of underwatering of the plant. Switch to a regular watering schedule to bring your plant to life.
5. Curling leaves
The leaves of an underwatered Monstera can start curling. To fix this issue, take the plant out of the pot and let it soak in water for some time. Let the excess water drain out, and then put the plant back in the pot.
What are the signs that your Monstera needs less water?
Though Monstera loves the humid atmosphere, overwatering it can have disastrous consequences. These are the signs that you are overwatering your Monstera.
1. Brown spots on leaves
When you overwater Monstera, its roots cannot provide the plant with nutrients. This leads to the development of brown flecks surrounded by yellow rings on the leaves.
2. Root rot
If your Monstera looks shrunken and has faded leaves, it may be a sign of root rot. Check the plant to see if the roots are rotten or stinky.
3. Mold on the soil
If you notice mold growing on the soil, you are overwatering your plant. Mold produces compounds called mycotoxins, which are toxic to plants and humans.
4. Yellowing of leaves
When you overwater the plant, its roots rot. Root rot causes a lack of nutrients like iron and manganese, which turn the leaves yellow.
If there are small watery balls on the leaves of Monstera, it has edema. Edema is caused by abnormal water retention.
Final thoughts on how often to water Monstera?
I hope you now know the answer to the question – How often to water Monstera? The answer lies in being consistent and changing the watering pattern according to the change in temperature and humidity in the atmosphere. Always check the soil before you water Monstera to avoid overwatering it. Overwatering and underwatering can both be harmful to your favorite houseplant.
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